Ballast water treatment is an effective method of eliminating biological contaminants, hazardous chemicals, gases and suspended solids from water. The goal of these treatments is to make water suitable for a specific purpose. Though mostly water is treated for consumption, but there are certain treatments designed to meet the demands of pharmacological, chemical, medical and industrial applications. Some of the common methods for ballast water treatment systems include sedimentation, filtration, chlorination and even use of electromagnetic radiation.
‘Water is another name of life’- this universal truth is known by all. But do you know that nearly 80% of human body consists of water and thus water contributes a huge part of human existence? Not only for drinking, but you need water in your day to day life for various other purpose too, starting from cooking, cleaning, washing, bathing etc. Water has no substitute and hence water is precious. But unfortunately this valuable natural resource is getting polluted day by day due to our unhealthy activities and this needs to be checked on a priority basis.
One of the essential rituals of a ship during the voyage is loading and discharge of ballast water. Large vessels load thousands of tons of water to ensure safe operation and easy maneuverability of the ship while on sea. The ballast water may contain several species of organisms which when transferred to another ecosystem could thrive and endanger public health and may have an adverse effect on the ecosystem. The best way to protect the marine environment is to use ballast water treatment system.