What Are the Different Types of Ballast Water Treatment Systems?


Ballast water treatment is an effective method of eliminating biological contaminants, hazardous chemicals, gases and suspended solids from water. The goal of these treatments is to make water suitable for a specific purpose. Though mostly water is treated for consumption, but there are certain treatments designed to meet the demands of pharmacological, chemical, medical and industrial applications. Some of the common methods for ballast water treatment systems include sedimentation, filtration, chlorination and even use of electromagnetic radiation.

4 Effective Forms of Ballast Water Treatment Systems

There are four effective techniques used for the treatment of water which are

  • Electro-Chlorination: The process utilizes a combination of sea water and artificially produced liquid sodium chloride electrolyzed to get a mixture of hydrogen gas, hypochlorous acid and sodium hypochlorite. The electro-chlorination technique is even used for manufacturing sodium hypochlorite at a large scale, making it suitable for industrial applications. This is a common ballast water treatment system for ships.
  • Gas Chlorination: Chlorine in its gaseous state is often used for the purification of water. Its oxidizing ability leads to the elimination of organic matter and other substrates that alter the purity of water. This technique is implemented use advance technology in order to make water free from any form of bacteria, viruses or other possible pathogens.
  • Chlorine Dioxide: This dioxide is explosive in nature but remains harmless when used in vacuum or water. Considering the volatility of this gas Chlorine Dioxide generators are used which deodorize water and kill harmful substances that may prevail in them. This is indeed a powerful water treatment process that purifies water to perfection.
  • Ozone Generators: Ozone or O3 is an interesting water purifier that is extracted by ionizing oxygen with the help of electrodes. Professionally graded equipments are often used for this process. The latter produced ozone concentration kills microbes and other contaminants present in water in no time. However, the effectiveness of this water treatment system is based on the concentration of ozone.

What is the Importance of Ballast Water Treatment Systems?

After all, untreated water would not only affect the aquatic system but it can even leave its impact over the overall ecological system, where at extreme conditions the microorganisms can reach the biosphere through biomagnifications. Therefore, for avoiding such hassles there cannot be a better option than ballast water treatment systems, where water can be purified, making it safe for other potential applications.

However, for effective treatment using the aforementioned processes it is integral to have high quality equipments by your side. These equipments can range from gas detectors, cabinet vacuums, vaporizer and pressure reducing valves till hypochlorite generator (for electro-chlorination), emergency & safety equipments and efficient generators.

While purchasing these equipments make sure that you go for a reputable manufacturer that comes with warranty, spare parts and even required maintenance services along with on-site installations so that you can use the equipments for the treatment without any sort of complications.

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